The small medieval town of Civitella is located in the lush heart of the Val di Chiana area near Arezzo. This stone village, nestled in the hills and ancient olive groves, has small houses, alleys, town squares and bell towers. It is a place where peace reigns.
But it has not always been like this. During the Second World War, Civitella was the scene of one of the most heinous massacres in Tuscan history.
On June 29th 1944, 173 people were killed by German soldiers, under the command of Herman Göring, as they were retreating from the area near Civitella and the hamlets of Cornia and San Pancrazio.
In Civitella, all the men, boys and adults with any disabilities were rounded up and killed. Women and children were also massacred in Cornia and houses there were set on fire.
This very sad page of our history that has remained alive in the memory of the people and in the stones of this area and in 2002 gave life to the Memorial Hall in Martyrs Square.
This is a small, intimate memorial that tells the story of those broken lives. The collection includes everyday objects belonging to the victims, numerous photographs, archived documents, and other remnants of the war that have been collected over the years by the Organizing Committee which set up the memorial.
It’s a place of living memories that aims to recover the deep sense of humanity that was lost in the past. A hall full of identities that seeks to promote a deeper sense of brotherhood among peoples.
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